2017 | 4(964) | 5-25
Article title

What Do We Know about the Effects of Diversity Management? A Meta-analysis

Title variants
Co wiemy o efektach zarządzania różnorodnością? Metaanaliza dotychczasowych badań
Languages of publication
The purpose of this paper is to synthesise the literature on the relationship between diversity management and the main organisational and team outcomes (organisational performance, job performance, organisational commitment and turnover). The author conducts a meta-analysis of the relationship between diversity management and organisational and team outcomes using a sample of 17 studies and 29 different correlations. The results show significant overall relationships between diversity management and organisational performance (zr = 0.27, p < 0.05), job performance (zr = 0.16, p < 0.01) organisational commitment (zr = 0.30, p < 0.01) and turnover (zr = –0.43, p < 0.01). The article extends previous research by quantitatively reviewing the relationship between diversity management and organisational and team outcomes. It shows that diversity management has the potential to increase organisational and employee performance and job attitudes. Implications of research done to date for future analyses are discussed and recommendations are made.
Celem artykułu jest analiza dotychczasowych badań nad związkami pomiędzy zarządzaniem różnorodnością a głównymi efektami organizacyjnymi i zespołowymi (wynikami organizacji, wynikami pracy, zaangażowaniem i odejściami pracowników). Przeprowadzono metaanalizę związków pomiędzy zarządzaniem a efektami funkcjonowania organizacji i wynikami pracy jednostek na podstawie przeglądu 17 niezależnych badań i analizy 29 niezależnych związków korelacyjnych. Zaprezentowane wyniki dowodzą, że zarzadzanie różnorodnością koreluje z ogólnymi wynikami organizacji (zr = 0,27; p < 0,05), wynikami pracy jednostek (zr = 0,16; p < 0,01), zaangażowaniem (zr = 0,30; p < 0,01) i odejściami z pracy (zr = –0,43; p < 0,01). Artykuł rozszerza dotychczasową wiedzę w zakresie ilościowej charakterystyki efektów zarzadzania różnorodnością. Wykazano, że zmienna ta może być czynnikiem decydującym o wynikach funkcjonowania organizacji oraz pracy i postaw jednostek. Przedstawiono również wnioski z dotychczasowych badań i sformułowano rekomendacje dla przyszłych analiz.
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