Long before offi cial theories of teaching appeared, people needed to know foreign languages for effi cient execution of their work. In time, in the face of changing socioeconomic conditions, a formal scheme of language learning became necessary. Although it varies with regard to learning natural languages, the presented article aims to trace the evolution of job-related language teaching related to teaching French. The variety of teaching goals, emphasis on selected competences, the regard for the recipient of teaching, as well as the sheer number of teaching conceptions all prove that French teaching methodologists are very active in terms of didactics. The presented review of methods of specialized French teaching covers the period spanning from the 1950s to the modern day (2008). Each conception is discussed in a separate section, and the highlights of all the presented conceptions are summarized in a table at the end.