This paper discusses the research results and reflection on competences, especially didactic competences of geography teachers and candidates for geography teachers in the aspect of challenges which education faces nowadays. The most important challenges are: the high quality of the process of training, innovation and the necessity to adjust to constantly changing requirements of the job market. The author of this article has for over ten years conducted research on geography teacher-trainees’ development of subject competence and didactic competence. Personal and interpersonal competencies graduates of higher education significantly affect his chances in the labour market. A profile of the graduate should also help potential employers choose competent employees. Author of this paper believes that the acquisition of the appropriate competences by geography students – candidates for teachers constitutes the most important element in professional training of the future teacher including a geography teacher.