PL EN


2019 | 17 | 143-165
Article title

Cechy temperamentu i charakteru a skłonność do kształtowania pracy

Content
Title variants
EN
Character and temperament traits and tendency to job crafting
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Celem artykułu jest wykazanie, czy dyspozycje pracownika w postaci cechy charakteru i temperamentu R. Cloningera mogą sprzyjać skłonności do kształtowania pracy. Kształtowanie pracy1 jest zachowaniem polegającym na dokonywaniu zmian w zadaniach oraz relacjach w ramach wykonywanej przez siebie pracy. Badanie przeprowadzono wśród 162 pracowników z wykorzystaniem Kwestionariusza Temperamentu i Charakteru TCI-R (56) oraz Kwestionariusza Kształtowania Pracy – KKPracy. Zaprezentowane wyniki potwierdzają, iż poziom kształtowania pracy jest zależny (R2=0,36) od unikania szkody (β=-0,39), uzależnienia od nagrody (β=0,32), samokierowania (β=-0,28), autotranscendencji (β=0,24) oraz skłonności do współpracy (β=0,15). Kształtowanie zadań jest objaśniane przez 24% zmiennych unikanie szkody (β=-0,42) oraz wytrwałość (β=0,16). Kształtowanie myślenia o pracy jest wyjaśniane w 22% przez autotranscendencję (β=0,39) i skłonność do współpracy (β=0,19), natomiast skłonność do kształtowania relacji interpersonalnych jest objaśniana w 22% przez uzależnienie od nagrody (β=0,40) oraz skłonność do współpracy (β=0,17).
EN
The aim of this article is to show if the disposition of the employee in the form of his/her personality traits and temperament according to R. Cloninger, may further form proclivities while doing the work. Job crafting is a behaviour which consists in making changes to many tasks or relationships while doing someone’s work. The study was performed among 162 employees with the use of The Temperament and Character Inventory TCI-R (56) and The Job Crafting Questionnaire. The presented results confirm that the level of job crafting (R2=0,36) depends on: harm avoidance (β=-0,39), reward dependence (β=0,32), self-directedness (β=-0,28), self-transcendence (β=0,24) and cooperativeness (β=0,15). Tasks crafting is explicated by 24% variables – harm avoidance (β=-0,42) and persistence (β=0,16). Cognitive crafting is clarified in 22% by self-transcendence (β=0,39) and cooperativeness (β=0,19). However, relational crafting is explained in 22% by reward dependence (β=0,40) and cooperativeness (β=0,17).
Year
Issue
17
Pages
143-165
Physical description
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
author
  • Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
References
  • Ashford S., Black J.S., Proactivity during organizational entry: The role of desire for control, „Journal of Applied Psychology” 1996, vol. 81 (2)
  • Bakker A.B., Demerouti E., The job demands – Resources model: state of the art, „Journal of Managerial Psychology” 2007, vol. 22 (3)
  • Bakker A.B., Muñoz A.R., Sanz Vergel A.I., Modelling job crafting behaviours: Implications for work engagement, „Human Relations” 2015
  • Bakker A.B., Schaufeli W.B., Leiter M.P., Taris T.W., Work engagement: An emerging concept in occupational health psychology, „Work & Stress” 2008, vol. 22 (3)
  • Bakker A.B., Tims M., Derks D., Proactive personality and job performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement, „Human Relations” 2012, vol. 65 (10), s. 1359–1378
  • Bedyńska S., Brzezicka A., Statystyczny drogowskaz, SWPS Academica, Warszawa 2007
  • Berg J.M., Dutton J.E., Wrzesniewski A., What is job crafting and why does it matter? 2008 University of Michigan, Ross school of business, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332496001_Personal_Values_and_Innovative_Behavior_of_Employees (dostęp:
  • 07.03.2019)
  • Berg J.M., Wrzesniewski A., Dutton J.E., Perceiving and responding to challenges in job crafting at different ranks: When proactivity requires adaptivity, „Journal of Organizational Behavior” 2010, vol. 31
  • Bipp T., Demerouti E., Which employees craft their jobs and how? Basic dimensions of personality and employees’ job crafting behaviour, „Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology” 2015, vol. 88
  • Carmeli A., Spreitzer G.M., Trust, Connectivity, and Thriving: Implications for Innovative Work Behavior, „Journal of Creative Behavior” 2009, vol. 43 (3)
  • Cloninger C.R., Przybeck T.R., Svrakic D.M., Wetzel R.D., The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI): a guide to its development and use, St. Louis, Missouri, Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University 1994
  • Cloninger C.R., Svrakic D.M., Przybeck T.R., A psychobiological model of temperament and character, „Archives of General Psychiatry” 1993, vol. 50
  • Gasiul H., Psychologia osobowości. Nurty, teorie, koncepcje, Difin, Warszawa 2016
  • Gray J.A., Perspectives on anxiety and impulsivity: A commentary, „Journal of Research in Personality” 1987, vol. 21
  • Gray J.A., The neuropsychology of temperament, [w]: J. Strelau, A. Angleitner (red.), Explorations in temperament: international perspectives on theory and measurement, Plenum Press, New York 1991
  • Hornowska E., Temperamentalne uwarunkowania zachowania: badania z wykorzystaniem kwestionariusza TCI R.C. Cloningera, Bogucki Wyd. Nauk, Poznań 2003
  • Jang K.L., Vernon P.A., Livesley W.J., Behavioural-Genetic Perspectives on Personality Function, „Canadian Journal of Psychiatry” 2001, vol. 46
  • Kasprzak E., Michalak M., Minda M., Kwestionariusz Kształtowania Pracy – KKPracy. Polska Adaptacja Narzędzia, „Psychologia społeczna” 2017, 12, vol. 4 (43)
  • Kohn M., Schooler C., Praca, a osobowość. Studium współzależności, PWN, Warszawa 1986
  • Lu C., Wang H., Lu J., Du D., Bakker A.B., Does work engagement increase person–job fit? The role of job crafting and job insecurity, „Journal of Vocational Behavior” 2014, vol. 84
  • Lyons P., The crafting of Jobs and Individual Differences, „Journal of Business and Psychology” 2008, vol. 23
  • Morrison E.W., Phelps C.C., Taking charge at work: Extrarole efforts to initiate workplace change, „Academy of Management Journal” 1999, vol. 42
  • Niessen C., Weseler D., Kostova P., When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting. Erschienen, „Human Relations” 2016, vol. 69
  • Parker S.K., Ohly S., Designing motivating work, [w:] R. Kanfer, G. Chen, R. D. Pritchard (Eds.), Work motivation: Past, present, and future, Routledge, New York 2008
  • Petrou P., Demerouti E., Schaufeli W.B., Crafting the Change: The Role of Employee Job Crafting Behaviors for Successful Organizational Change, „Journal of Management” 2018, vol. 44 (5)
  • Petrou P., Demerouti E., Schaufeli W.B., Job Crafting in Changing Organizations: Antecedents and Implications for Exhaustion and Performance, „Journal of Occupational Health Psychology” 2015, vol. 20 (4)
  • Roczniewska M., Puchalska M., Are managers also crafting leaders? The link between organizational rang, autonomy and job crafting, „Polish Psychological Bulletin” 2017, vol. 48 (2)
  • Sakuraya A., Shimazu A., Eguchi H., Kamiyama K., Hara Y., Namba K., Kawakami N., Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees: a crosssectional study, „Biopsychosoc Med.” 2017, vol. 11 (6)
  • Samochowiec J., Fiszer-Piosik E., Kucharska-Mazur J., Horodnicki J., Wpływ genów na kształtowanie się cech osobowości, „Psychiatria Polska” 2000, vol. 34 (1)
  • Shin J., Taylor S., Seo M., Resources for change: The relationship of organizational inducements psychological resilience to employes’ attitudes and behaviors toward organizational change, „Academy of Management Journal” 2012, vol. 55 (3)
  • Stanisławek J., Podstawy statystyki, Polit. Warszawska, Warszawa 2010
  • Tims M., Bakker A.B., Derks D., Development and validation of the job crafting scale, „Journal of Vocational Behavior” 2012, vol. 80
  • Tims M., Bakker A.B., Derks D., Van Rhenen W., Job crafting at the team and individual level: Implications for work engagement and performance, „Group & Organization Management” 2013, vol. 38 (4)
  • Van Hooff M.L., Van Hooft E.A., Boredom at work: Proximal and distal consequences of affective work-related boredom, „J Occup Health Psychol.” 2014, vol. 19
  • Wang Z., Lu H., Wang X., Psychological resilience and work alienation affect perceived overqualification and job crafting, „Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal” 2019, vol. 47 (2)
  • Wojciszke B., Psychologiczne różnice płci, „Wszechświat: Tydzień mózgu” 2012, vol. 113 (1–3)
  • Wontorczyk A., Niebezpieczne zachowania kierowców. Psychologiczny model regulacji, UJ, Kraków 2011
  • Wrzesniewski A., Dutton J.E., Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work, „The Academy of Management Review” 2001, vol. 26
  • Wrzesniewski A., LoBuglio N., Dutton J.E., Berg J.M., Job Crafting and Cultivating Positive Meaning and Identity in Work, „Advances in Positive Organizational Psychology” 2013, vol. 1
  • Zhang L., Lu H., Li F., Proactive personality and mental health: The role of job crafting, „PsyCH Journal” 2018, vol. 7
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-9460f3ad-4cb7-487e-bf99-cb715f39530b
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.