The woman's part is subject of my study and the country family in Poland in period of alternatively. Yet to recent, country family more considerably often than municipal she was numerous, and so with many children and many generations. She was perceived as more durable, less subject on divorces and separations. Beyond this nation in the country more seldom than they in city live in informal relationships, extramarital. It was can so – peaceably with social picture – at least in this field recognise the occupants of village not only za more tradycjonalnych, but and more moral. First of all however living in the country men be perceived by Poles' totality as more religious than occupants cities and it turns out, that they are tray really. Village – as educational environment; differentiation as place to life shows considerable, work and education in dependence from regional arrangement, national, continental. Despite many the times the affirmed strong standardizing in frames of processes of urbanization influences ( the municipal examples of life) many country environments kept its specific of educational influences still. The guilds of social distinction, economic the and cultural village the children are the essential determinants of conditions of education and the youth.