The paper presents problem of sustainable construction, and environmental and social impacts of buildings. The paper focuses on the results of research conducted so far in different countries and investigating factors affecting effectiveness of investment in sustainable buildings, i.e. rents, market value of buildings, maintenance costs and vacancies. The results of various research, that were presented and analyzed, generally prove higher market value of sustainable buildings and lower level of vacancies. Most research results also indicate lower maintenance costs, though these results are not unequivocal. According to research results, higher rents are charged in sustainable buildings, but tenants are also more eager to pay for sustainable office space. Numerous research results, that were presented and analyzed do not prove unconditionally higher economic effectiveness of investment in sustainable properties, but they do indicate factors clearly increasing the effectiveness of these investments, such as market value of tenants Willingness to Pay.