Having a shelter or a home is one of the most important and subsistent human needs: the point that determines one’s position in the surrounding reality. Hostilities largely deprived the residents of Polish space so needed for their proper functioning. The aim of the this article is to present the consequences of the Second World War for the housing situation in Poland and how it affected the condition of ethical Poles. Difficult, postwar housing issues were deepened by the incompetence and occasional malice and local authorities. The article also highlights the basic demographic transformation resulting from the postwar expulsion of Germans and changes caused by the Holocaust. The analysis of the topic was based on the literature and the results of archival research carried out in selected teams of Archives of Modern Records in Warsaw.