The popular usage of the terms „autobiographism” and „autobiographical” in numerous papers on the work by Czesław Miłosz suggests that there is a general consensus about their meaning. Yet there are many meanings as well as many methods of researching into the autobiographical element: the immanent, the declarative, the referential, the intertextual, the autobiographical pact and the phantasm. Every of these approaches situates the research in one of the great paradigms of literary studies, first of all within the opposition of hermeneutics and deconstruction. Professional Miłosz studies tend to ignore these distinctions. Thus the assertion of their discursive character seems questionable.