The article analyzes two literary treatises on the city: Sny i kamienie (Dreams and stones) by Magdalena Tulli and Invisible Cities by Italo Calvino. The authors of the presented texts are strongly associated with Italian culture, although their Italian origin is not the only element making up their writer identity. The similarities between the writers are not limited to the biographies marked by “Italianness” and the themes of the works analyzed here, whose subject is creating a description of the city. One can discern parallels most of all in the manner of the linguistic creation of space. Following the interpretation path marked out by Vladimir Toporov, the author of this paper presents a comparative analysis of three elements: the founding myth, the name and the morphology of the city, which is supposed to confirm the author’s thesis about the similar manner of creating a literary image of the city by Magdalena Tulli and Italo Calvino.