The connection between the conservationist and widely comprehended spatial planning intended for the needs of towns, villages, regions and the whole country, is expressed in the fact that the protection of the cultural and cultural-natural heritage, must be included within the plans for spatial planning. Unfortunately, although both urban and spatial planners as well as conservationists are methodically and professionally prepared for undertaking those tasks, the specificity of the Polish economy up to now consisted of a small efficiency of their realization, a fact which, upon numerous occasions, was raised by all sides. This situation had a particularly unfavourable impact upon cultural values under protection. The reasons for this state of things included the lack of proper legal, financial and organizational forms, technical, technological and material inadequacies, a d ifficult economic situation and constant problems with substitute housing for the duration of the renovation of old buildings. In the case of many valuable historical localities there are also no urban (rural) planning conservationist studies, or plans based upon them on a sufficiently detailed scale. Much' has changed, and continues to change in the present-day political and socio-economic situation.lt is indispensable to skilfully include into those new conditions solutions of problems which our milieu faces at the moment. I regard as one of the prime issues the necessity to present methods of an effective improvement of the restoration of towns, villages, and protected areas by means of: - an ammendment to legal acts, executive orders and instructions, - the determination of regulations which concern the principles of cooperation between conservation and spatial planning together with architectonic construction service, during the stage of planning and its realization , - the exploitation of fiscal means for steering the restoration tasks, - the determination of an effective model of the organization of restoration as regards planning and realization. In the light of the establishment of territorial self-government which is entrusted with the protection of cultural values, it has become extremely important to also protect rural settlements which possess cultural merits. It will be also necessary to examine the rural spatial structure and to make plans for at least the most valuable centres. The selfgovernment bodies must be assured of far-reaching assistance on the part of proffessional milieus. This endeavour w ill call for great social effort and involvement. Meanwhile, we are witnessing an almost complete dispersal of the professional staff - including members of the Workshops for the Conservation of Monuments - who have considerable achievements in the protection of historical spatial structures and in the planning of its model. Will it, therefore, be possible to realize our intentions?