ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF DIFFERENT PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES IN THE PROCESS OF PROFESSIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE TRAINING OF THE FUTURE SOFTWARE ENGINEERS
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The article discusses different approaches in the organization of the process of professional foreign language communicative training of the future software engineers. Aim of the studyconsists in the analysis of different approaches to the process of professional foreign language communicative training of the future software engineers with the purpose of identification of the most suitable ones and interpretation of their specific tasks and functions in the facilitation and successful completion of the described process. In the process of the article writing, the research methods of systemic approach, content analysis of pedagogical, psychological and methodological sources, literature review, generalization, classification and syntheses have been applied. The article provides the definition of the concept of pedagogical approach, identifies different types of pedagogical approaches, depicts their characteristics and functions as well as justifies their choice in the professional foreign language communicative training of the future software engineers. The article discusses four pedagogical approaches, which are of special value for the professional foreign language communicative training of students of technical majors. The integrative approach consists in the unity of contents of the learning subjects and interdependence of the shared pedagogical, methodological, didactical and specific principles, regularities, objectives and tasks of the learning process. The contextual approach emphasizes the importance of unity between the learning and professional components and takes into consideration peculiarities of both aspects in the education of students of technical majors. The interdisciplinary approach points to the necessity to conduct the described training within the boundaries of different disciplines. The systemic approach highlights the role of mental processes in learning and regards the educational process as the complex and holistic system. It is concluded that these four pedagogical approaches can highly benefit the professional foreign language communicative training of the future software engineers and contribute to its high productivity and efficiency. The further researches should focus on the investigation of ways of optimization and improvement of the framework of professional foreign language communicative training and implementation of innovative pedagogical technologies and approaches.
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