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2015 | 4 (290) | 625-638

Article title

Скандинавские равноплечные фибулы с женскими масками


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In a pre-wartime at excavation of a burial of Kaup bei Wiskiauten (nowadays – the southern suburb of the territory Zelenogradsk, the Kaliningrad Region of Russia) the find of a fragment of a silver symmetric fibula with images of women’s masks was made. Process of formation of a form and decor such the brooches can be recreated in the following positions: 1. From the middle of the VI century in Italy and in Dalmatia the symmetric fibula imitating the top plates of fasteners of department of Bügelfibeln start being made. From VII to the X centuries lamellar equilateral fibula develop in the German regions of Europe. 2. In the IX century in Scandinavia there are local versions the symmetric brooches. Unlike modest on the twiddle the symmetric brooches Germans of continental Europe, northern masters supply already early forms of the products with a magnificent twiddle. Moreover, already on the brooches of the Aargård IIIA:1 type there are pair images of a human mask. 3. On the brooches of the Aargård IIIF:1 type pair heads of women with a flowing hair are already accurately looked through. Later these figures degrade and lose the realistic signs. On the latest fibula female figures disappear, being the replaced three-dimensional heads of dogs.


  • Rosyjska Akademia Nauk w Moskwie


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