For a few years in Poland there have appeared attempts to create a partnership for the benefit of children. Actions took up for this purpose are aimed at equalizing life chances of children threatened by social marginalisation and exclusion by actions oriented directly on children and by intensifying the already existing welfare system through creating local coallitions and popularising street pedagogy. United Way Foundation executes a model of work, proofed in many countries worldwide, based on a cooperation of three sections: business self-government authorities, non-government organisations with a support of scientific milieu and the media. However, the knowledge of this subject is still insufficient and the phenomenon of children of a street is commonly associated with problems of the Third World. This text is an attempt to address a question whether actions took up by the street pedagogues are a response to children’s living in dysfunctional families problems and assessing what kind of response it is. In the first part of the text, the author shows the results of research on the identity of children of the street, their ways of understanding the world, and assumptions made by street children about the world and their strategies of functioning built on this base. In the second part of the text the author analyses the adequacy and efficacy of help forms directed to this group of youth and analyzes in detail the fundamental assumptions of street pedagogy.