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2015 | 4(357) | 257-268

Article title

Nothilfe – niemiecka pomoc głodującym rodakom w latach 30. XX w. na sowieckiej Ukrainie

Title variants

Nothilfe - German Support for the Starving Compatriots in Soviet Ukraine in the 1930s.

Languages of publication



In this article I discuss the support for the starving German inhabitants of Soviet Ukraine in the 1930s by organizations from Germany. The German aid was provided both during and after the Great Famine. At the beginning, the recipients of the money were kulaks and the disenfranchised (lishentsy). With time, however, the circle of recipients of the Nothilfe gradually e xpanded and included not only the ordinary peasants, but even the Communists. From April 1933 to April the funds sent to Ukrainian Germans amounted to 1934 487,821 rubles in gold. Bolshevik authorities fought against German aid, regarding it as the “German fascists’ hostile activity” so they urged recipients of the aid to voluntarily renounce it. When this action failed, the Bolsheviks began to persecute the receivers of the aid. Repressions against people accepting the Nothilfe included open trials, deportations of German peasants from border areas to eastern Ukraine (1935) and then to Kazakhstan (1936) as well as some “improvement of the standard of living” in the late 1930s. All those measures ultimately extinguished the stream of the German help flowing to the USSR.


  • Instytut Historii i Politologii, Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku


Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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