PL EN


2015 | 2(10)/2015 Social Policy and Models of Services for the Elderly International Perspective | 41-52
Article title

Social policy on ageing in select asian countries

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Most Asian countries have experienced rapid socioeconomic changes along with the demographic and epidemiological transition which has necessitated policies on ageing. Th e policies and programs initiated in many of the Asian countries are similar in their response to address the challenges of ageing, yet they vary in terms of care and service provisions. Th ere is an attempt to strengthen and sustain family and community networks, social security measures, health care facilities, and enhance opportunities for older people. Many countries have shown political will and adopted legislative mechanisms to meet the needs of growing number of older people as well of the adult population caring for parents. Th ere is greater emphasis in policy response to provide for adequate quality and quantity of health, economic and social care. Governments have adopted a development approach as well as a welfare orientation to address the needs of their ageing population based on Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing guidelines. But some of the Asian countries, depending on the proportion and absolute numbers of their ageing population, have developed comprehensive plans for policy and action with a long term view to improve the quality of life of the growing and emergent groups of older people, while some other countries are still struggling with their resources to respond to their young and ageing population simultaneously. In this paper I refl ect, based on analysis of literature, reports and documents review, on the social policy initiatives on ageing of select Asian countries, namely China, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and Th ailand, and emphasise that countries have an opportunity to learn from each other. Th e extant policies, practices and models of services and programmes developed by some of the countries can serve as models for others to adopt, given their own resources and political will. How countries respond will of course depend on their demographic and epidemiological transition.
Contributors
  • Ph.D, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Maitreyi College, University of Delhi (South Campus), India; Chair for Asia, International Network for Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA). Address for communication: T 8 – 601, Avenue 71, Sector 71, Gurgaon 122001, Haryana, India, mkshankardass@gmail.com
References
  • Beland, D and Yu, K. M. (2004). A long fi nancial march: pension reform in China, Journal of Social Policy. Vol. 33, pp. 267–288.
  • China National Committee on Ageing (2007). Appraisal Report on Implementation of MIPAA 2002 of Th e People’s Republic of China. Institute of Population Research, Peking University, China Research Centre of Ageing.
  • ESCAP (1999). Macau Plan of Action on Ageing for Asia and the Pacifi c. New York: United Nations.
  • ESCAP (2007a). Country Papers presented at the High-Level Meeting on the Regional Review of MIPAA. Macao, China, October 9–11.
  • ESCAP (2007b). China: Th e Macao Outcome Document of the High-Level Meeting on the Regional Review of the Implementation of MIPAA. October.
  • Hao, Yan (2011). Reforming China’s Pension Programmes to Cope with an Ageing Population, EAI Background Brief No. 654.
  • Kin, Lim Meng (2010). “Singapore’s Active Ageing Progam”. Health Policy Monitor, April.
  • Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister Singapore (2009). Preparing for an Ageing Population: Th e Singapore Experience, Th e Journal AARP International. Winter issue.
  • Malaysia, Department of Social Welfare. Th e National Policy for Older Persons. Ministry of National
  • Unity and Social Development.Mala Kapur Shankardass
  • Ogawa, Naohiro (2008). Population ageing and policy options for a sustainable future: the case of Japan. Genus.
  • Shankardass, Mala Kapur (2014). ‘Policy Initiatives on Population Ageing in Select Asian Countries and Their Relevance to the Indian Context’, in (Eds) G. Giridhar, K.M. Sathyanarayana, S. Kumar, K.S.James, M. Alam, Population Ageing in India, Cambridge University Press. Pp 155–179.
  • Thailand (2001). Th e Second National Plan for Older Persons, (2002–2021). Bangkok: Drafting Committee of the Second National Plan for Older Persons, National Commission on the Elderly.
  • United Nations (2002). Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing 2002. Second World Assembly on Ageing, Madrid, United Nations, 2002. Website: www.un.org/ageing/coverage/index.html
  • United Nations (2006). Major developments in the area of ageing since the Second World Assembly on Ageing: Report of the Secretary General. New York.
  • United Nations (2008). Regional Dimensions of the Ageing Situation, Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, New York.
  • Williamson, J. B. and Deitelbaum, C. (2005). Social security reform: does partial privatization make sense for China? Journal of Ageing Studies, Vol. 19, pp. 257–271.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-97c402fa-043d-40dc-94fa-dc255316d863
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.