Ancient Greek Agonistics and its connection with the Northern Black Sea coast cities sport feasts
The article deals with the historical aspect of appearing, establishing and developing of sport feasts (agons) and traditions of ancient Greece, which took place during the Olympic four-year period in every state-city of colonial and metropolitan Greece. Thus the sport feasts for ancient Ellins ment the main form of society’s life and culture. Sport festivals for ancient Ellins were the integral part of panegyric shows devoted to one or another Gods – the Patrons of Greek cities. Each Greek state-city in those times obligatory provided mysteries for two representatives of Olympic Pantheon. The sport events were of initial character where young boys and girls showed their physical and mental abilities and would become the proper members of the ancient Greek society. Starting from the VIII century B. C. the institutions called ancient Greek agonistics identified into the main element of ancient Greek life because the Agons began working as the means of Greek citizens’ consolidation. With a help of Ellin sailors of Mileth Greece expended the border of its native land and owned the new settlements on the North part of Black Sea coast. The Greek brought to the new lands their culture and traditions. That’s why the ancient Greek Agonistics reached the state-cities of Pont Evksinskiy. Athletic activities in the life of the Greeks takes the most important place, thanks to agonistic Greeks also identified themselves as a mighty, cultural and military ethnos of ancient times in the Mediterranean region. Ancient Greek agonistics had an impact on sports festivals of cities-policies the Northern Black Sea. The main sports that were included in the programme of activities in metropolises such as athletics, wrestling, pankration, chariot races, and the like, have found their place in the tournament regulations of colonial cities in Ancient Greece. The prospect of further research should be the introduction of the information received about Agonistics of Ancient Greece and its influence on sports festivals of the cities of the Northern Black Sea to the lecture course of the discipline “Olympic sport”.
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