Etika vědecké práce a publikování pro mírně pokročilé
Research and publishing ethics for junior researchers
Languages of publication
The study informs about the most common forms of violation of the publication ethics. The main goal of the study is to increase the sensitivity of researchers to breaches of publication ethics and to contribute to cultivating the ublication environment in the Czech educational science and research. In the first part, the authors analyse the reasons that usually lead researchers to breach publication ethics. They also highlight the possibility that the current system of financing and evaluating science and research in the Czech Republic might represent one of the causes. Further on, following an analysis of available literature, the typical instances of inappropriate publishing behaviour are discussed. In doing so, the authors make use of the analogy with biblical Ten Commandments. The typical examples of such behaviour are: 1. data fabrication or falsification, 2. plagiarism 3. gift, honorary or ghost authorship, 4. simultaneous submission or multiple/duplicate publication, 5. salami slicing, 6. text recycling, 7. reciprocal citations, 8. Imprecise referencing/ quoting, 9. conflict of interests, and 10. copyright law breaking. In the end, the authors suggest precautions that might aid a more rigorous adherence to the ethical rules in publishing practice.
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