МОЛОДЁЖНЫЙ НАРКОТИЗМ В РОССИИ И ЛАТВИИ: МЕТОДОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ОСНОВЫ ЭМПИРИЧЕСКОГО ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ
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YOUTH NARKOTISM IN RUSSIA AND LATVIA: METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO EMPIRICAL STUDIES
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According to official data, in Russia and Latvia the majority of drug users among young people. The author presents a methodological approach to study of youth narkotism in the post-Soviet space. Drug use is considered deviant behavior in both countries, since it contradicts the norms established by law. In the article as a theoretical foundation were used sociological theories about deviation of Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton and others authors. Mass consumption society entailed the transformation in values, norms and behavior of individuals. Author defends the thesis that the antinarcotic legal norm established in Russia, at odds with the social norm youth. Modern attitudes of young people influenced on their differentiation with respect to drug use. There were groups of recreational drug use. It encourages researchers to find new reasons for reproduction of narcotism. The formal social control is different from each other with the general mechanism of drug use growth in post-Soviet countries. Russia is characterized by repressive strategy to counteract drug use, in Latvia is restrictive. The theoretical part of the article is supplemented by statistical data on Russia and Latvia and the results of sociological study conducted in the south of Tyumen region in 2010, 2011, 2013. The results showed that young people recognized a problem of drug addiction as a social important. The younger generation are awareness than older on various aspects of drug use. Since 2011, there was a decrease in 2 times positive evaluation the activities of local authorities for the prevention of drug use.
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