ФОРМУВАННЯ РИЗИК-ОРІЄНТОВАНОГО МИСЛЕННЯ МАЙБУТНІХ ФАХІВЦІВ-ЕКОНОМІСТІВ
Formation of Risk-oriented Thinking of Future Professional Economists
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The aim of the article is to analyze the theoretical aspects of the formation of risk-oriented thinking of the students of economics. The study used a systematic and comparative analysis. The results of the study have proved that the problem of the formation of risk-oriented thinking of the specialists-economists in the conditions of deep economic and political integration with the EU is relevant and practically significant. Formation of the market in Ukraine and market infrastructure, establishing new mechanisms of economic relations, the development of free enterprise, competition require deepening of the theory of economic risk, methods of its analysis, evaluation and simulation, optimization of risk management at all levels of management: national, regional, local, sectoral, at the levels of organizations, enterprises, shops, sites, regardless of ownership. At present there is no clear understanding of risk, particularly in the economy and business. Diversity of opinions about the nature of the risk is explained, in particular, by the multidimensionality of this phenomenon, its certain disregard in the existing economic legislation, insufficient use in real economic practice and management. In addition, the risk is a complex phenomenon, having a plurality of distinct and sometimes opposite bases. The notion of «economic risk» is specified. It is the objective-subjective aspect of any kind of business activity connected with overcoming the uncertainty and conflict in the situation of imminent choice that reflects the degree of deviation from the objectives of the desired (expected) result, the degree of failure (losses), taking into account the impact on it of controlled and uncontrolled factors of internal and external environment. The practical significance of the study is in determination of the specific types of economic risks inherent in their future professional activity in the main areas of training: finance and credit, international economics, banking, economics of enterprise, human resource management and labor economics, marketing, taxation, accounting and auditing and others. Competition forces the economic experts, entrepreneurs, managers gain experience in managing of economic risk in order to avoid possible errors in the process of implementation of the encumbered with risk financial, industrial, commercial and other operations. The results of the research can be used for further improvement of the traditional professional training of the specialists in the sphere of economics.
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