The paper concerns the influence of personal contacts on what has been translated from Dutch and Flemish literature into Czech before 1989. After ashort introduction about Czech translation culture, the paper gives asurvey of acouple of interesting cases. The first is the series 1000 nejkrásnějších novell 1000 světových spisovatelů (The 1000 most beautiful novels of 1000 world authors) from the beginning of the 20th century. The second is the translator Jaroslav Kamper from the same period. The third is the Czech symbolist writer and translator Arnošt Procházka. The last case is the professional translator Lída Faltová, who made the first translations of Willem Elsschot’s work. In all cases, alook is given how their personal contacts partly influenced their translation production.