Analysis of psychological preconditions of organizing revising in primary education
The importance of revising as a means of providing thorough learning and preserving knowledge and skills is grounded; the main studies on the problem mentioned above are analyzed; psychological conditions of organizing revising in primary education are revealed in the article. Memory as the result and the condition of mentalprocessing of new educational material on the basis of the analysis of the memory psychology literature is characterized in the article; the structure and content of the psychological processes providing memorizing, preserving the learned material, reproducing and forgetting are considered in detail as well. Revising is not limited to one function, as it is a complicated psychological process that includes perceiving, thinking, memory, which is associated with pupils’ feelings, will, interests and capacities. The factors promotingrapid and lasting memorizing of the information on the basis of research analysis are presented in the article. Taking into account that memorizing is realized through special mnemonic activities, the article deals with the role of mnemonic techniques aimed at: remembering the educational material, increasing the memorizing and reproducing speed; improving the accuracy of memorizing and reproducing; providing memorizing and preserving effectiveness, the probability of the correct memorizing and reproducing. The analysis of the data of the research experimental stage leads to the conclusion about the necessity to support active pupils’ thinking activities with the help of selecting specific exercises and tasks activating different kinds of memories – involuntary and voluntary. Under such conditions an effective basis for the effective using of revising during the educational process is created. The analysis of the psychological foundations of revising gives reason to emphasize the necessity of considering the peculiarities of development of cognitive processes in the organization of repetition. The perspective direction of the research is defined in the article which involves creating the model of supporting the functions of revising the learned material during various stages of gaining the knowledge by primary pupils taking into account the processes that are at the core of the revising mechanism.
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