Wolna elekcja króla Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodów
The free election of the king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
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The right to vote is either active or passive; it means the right to vote and to be elected. During the period of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the fundamental principles of the political system was the right to “free election” of the king. It was understood as electio viritim, i.e. casting a vote by each nobleman. This was considered to be the greatest success of the noble nation in the Republic of Poland. In the passive aspect, electoral law was not a subject of broader considerations in contemporary journalism and public life. This issue requires scientific research, taking into account the provisions of Henrician Articles and pacta conventa.
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