The paper provides aconcise scrutiny of two mechanisms: liability for damages (as defined in Article 471 of the Civil Code) and stipulated damages (art. 483 C.C.). Basic assumptions are presented for both types of damage settlement, together with an analysis of the associated reservations raised by the two mechanisms under examination. Benefits and drawbacks of each approach are discussed, as seen from the viewpoint of protecting the claimant’s interests. The end section presents the most typical scenarios offering advantage of one over the other, in terms of their potential for recompensing the full extent of the damage suffered by the claiming party.