2007 | 1(1) | 43-60
Article title

Polityka a polityka publiczna

Title variants
Politics vs. Public Policy
Languages of publication
Artykuł jest analizą zależności między czterema płaszczyznami polityki: dyskursywną (polis), strukturalną (system polityczny), behawioralną (działania polityczne), funkcjonalno-techniczną (polityki publiczne). Autor zaproponował cztery znaczenia pojęcia „polityka” i konwencję językową, która pozwala uchwycić te rozróżnienia.
The article offers a conceptual and theoretical analysis of the relationships that hold among the four domains of politics: the discursive one - polis, the structural one - the political system, the behavioral one - political activity, the functional and technical one - public policies. In the case of each of these domains, policy consists in the application of power to large social aggregates (groups, formations, organizations). However, with reference to each one we may discuss different thematic scopes of power: the discursive plane - the power over meaning, the structural plane - the power over the system, the behavioral plane - the power over the decision-making process, the functional and technical plane - the power over the resources. In my article, I propose to introduce a distinction among the four meanings of the concept of politics and a linguistic convention to capture this distinction. I believe that, on the one hand, it is necessary to develop the analytical capacity of social sciences, and on the other hand, to rationally design, organize and implement political activities, especially public policies. In my opinion, the proposed analytical model has two major methodological advantages: it overcomes the false dichotomy between action and structure, consequently, the dichotomy between ideas-based politics and power-based politics, allows for the gradation of political subjectivity without adopting the view of the world of politics as an organizational hierarchy. I conclude my analysis with the proposition that contemporary politics should be a multi-domain and polyarchic system combining discursive and technical aspects.
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