Z tradycji szpitalnictwa w dawnej Polsce
THE TRADITION OF THE OLD HOSPITALS IN POLAND
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The history of Polish hospitals, in the medical – care nature, which are the prototypes of today’s medical facilities and care and educational institutions goes back to medieval times and is inextricably intertwined with the history of the Christian Church,and then – Catholic. Over the centuries, church hospitals, first episcopal, then the religious and the parish, were founded in masses after Trent Synods increasingly specialize in a particular activity not only for the benefit, but also for the particular individuals, represented by the end of the First Republic of Poland the main centers of care and the most important element in our social welfare lands. The dynamic development of hospitals, preceding the partitions was primarily associated with the establishment and development of congregations profile charities. The arrival of The Order of the Holy Spirit (Ordo Fratrum Canonicorum Regularium Sancti Spiritus de Saxia) began development of the Polish church’s care works for parentless children and unwanted. The Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God (Fratres misericordiae b. Joannis de Deo) started activities linked to the birth of a typical hospital treatment. The domain of their activities was to work with demented men. The development of care and hospital care and education in Poland developed Systers of Charity (Congregatio Puellarum Caritatis Sancti Vincentii a Paulo), dealing with the problems of orphaned children, abandoned, who were denied the right to life.
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