The Legal Status of Sejm Committees as Bodies for Parliamentary Control of Government Activity
Article 95 para. 2 of the Constitution of 1997 of the Republic of Poland in principio provides for the following: “The Sejm shall exercise control over the activity of the Council of Ministers [...]”. The expression “the Council of Ministers” used in the quoted article is broadly understood by science as including in its content all bodies of state administration: supreme — the Council of Ministers in corpore, the President of the Council of Ministers, and other members of the Council of Ministers; central bodies of state administration and its fi eld bodies. They are defi ned in the article as “the government”. The activity of such bodies can be subject in whole to Sejm control. Under the provisions of the Constitution and Sejm regulations, the following Sejm bodies have the right to exercise control over the government activity: Sejm in pleno, Sejm committees, and Deputies to the Sejm. The article defi nes the expression “Sejm control of the government activity”. The purpose of the article is to present Sejm committees as government controlling bodies in the light of normative regulations. The attention is focused on a number of groups of issues that seem essential for the subject: the general characteristics of the legal status of permanent and extraordinary Sejm committees and Sejm investigative committee are outlined; the scope of rights of permanent and extraordinary Sejm committees and Sejm investigation committee are subjected to a broad analysis; the status of Sejm committees as bodies controlling government activities is characterised including the analysis of the content of related norms common for the committees and solutions indicating specifi c features of permanent Sejm committees and Sejm investigative committee as bodies exercising such control; regulations setting the scope of controlling power of permanent Sejm committees and Sejm investigative commission are subjected to a thorough examination.
Prof. zw. dr hab., Społeczna Akademia Nauk w Łodzi, Filia w Warszawie
Publication order reference