The author presents one of the best preserved landscape units in our country, namely the one coming from the 17th century at Kalwaria Zebrzydowtska, Cracow District. As regards its style, it represents Mannerism. The main part of the complex covering an area of 300 hectares it the so-called Kalwaria, designed as a reproduction of Jerusalem Calvary and comprising buildings in Mannerism style with early Baroque elements. The landscape park is now endangered by unisupervised management of the area which is expressed in it'he building of living quarters and farm buildings in its vicinty, in unsystematic planting of trees and so on. The author suggests to establish there a recreation complex which could be used by inhabitants of near- by Cracow, which should create chances for keeping and preserving monumental values. Consequently, she postulates a number of changes concerning both the town of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska and its surroundings. They tend towards preservation of the area’s nature and establishment of a tourist centre there and, above all, towards arrangement of the whole architectural setting.