Klasyczna i partycypacyjna ocena technologii
From classical to participatory model of Technology Assessment
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The article discusses selected aspects concerning Technology Assessment (TA) as an institutionalised way of supporting public policy in the area of technology governance. In the last forty years numerous approaches, concepts, perspectives and practices have been developed and resulted in many research projects conducted in various institutional settings. This vast experience and richness of TA solutions allows an attempt to summarise and critically present its evolution from classical model to more recent approaches based on participation, stakeholder involvement, public dialogue and good governance. The article begins with a brief overview of the history of TA development in the USA and Europe. In the next part a comparison between the classical and participatory model of TA is presented. Main focus is placed on various types of participatory approach and its use in different settings like technology conflicts and innovation management.
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