PL EN


Journal
2014 | 4(61/2) | 273-278
Article title

Namiestnik, ochmistrz ’abrēk, hbrk

Content
Title variants
EN
Chief, Steward ’abrēk, hbrk
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The Hebrew hapax legomenon ’abrēk in Gen. 41:43 was unsuccessfully interpreted by various scholars in the light of Coptic or Neo-Egyptian expressions. The correct explanation is provided by cuneiform abarakku, attested also in Phoenician as hbrk in the inscriptions of Karatepe, Çineköy, and several stamp seals. The initial h belongs to the original form of the word, as shown by its spelling in Eblaic bilingual word lists, while the Hebrew form ’brk must result from the weakening of the laryngeal in this archaic noun. The logogram AGRIG (lúIGI.DUB), read indiscriminately abarakku for a long time, must be interpreted as masennu / mašennu in Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian texts, at least from the 7th century B.C. on, as shown by the bilingual archives from Ma‘lānā/ Ma’allanate, where Aramaic mšn corresponds to cuneiform AGRIG. The same title appears in Gen. 41:43, where Joseph is mounted on “the chief steward’s chariot” and it is used as a synonym of ’abrēk, the older pronunciation of which in Hebrew seems to have been ’abrak, as shown by its explanation in the midrash Bereshit rabbah 90, dividing ’brk in ’āb, “father”, and rak, “tender”. The original meaning of lúIGI.DUB and of mšn
Keywords
Contributors
  • Catholic University, Leuven, Belgium address: Adolphe Lacomblélaan 50/11, 1030 Brussel, Belgium, elip@telenet.be
References
  • K. Abraham, Business and Politics under the Persian Empire (Bethesda 2004)
  • N. Avigad i B. Sass, Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals (Jerusalem 1997)
  • Y. Avishur i M. Heltzer, Studies on the Royal Administration in Ancient Israel in the Light of Epigraphic Sources (Jerusalem 1996)
  • P. Bordreuil, Catalogue des sceaux ouest-sémitiques inscrits (Paris 1986)
  • H.Th. Bossert, „Die phönikisch-hethitischen Bilinguen von Karatepe”, Oriens 1 (1948)
  • Chumasz Pardes Lauder. Księga Pierwsza : Bereszit (Kraków 2001)
  • B. Couroyer, recenzja w RB 66 (1959)
  • A. Ferjaoui, Le sanctuaire de Henchir el-Ḥami. De Ba‘al Hammon au Saturne Africain, Ier s. av. J.-C. - IVe ap. J.-C. (Tunis 2007)
  • R. Hannig, Die Sprache der Pharaonen. Grosses Handwörterbuch Ägyptisch-Deutsch (2800-950 v. Chr.) (2 wyd., Mainz a/R 1997)
  • J.D. Hawkins, Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions I (Berlin 2000)
  • J. Herrmann, „Zu Gen 41,43” , ZAW 62 (1950)
  • Hieronymus, Hebraicae quaestiones in libro Geneseos (CCSL 72 ; Turnhout 1959)
  • H. Gonnet, „Les légendes des empreintes hiéroglyphiques anatoliennes”, D. Arnaud, Textes syriens de l’âge du Bronze Récent (Sabadell-Barcelona 1991)
  • D.A. Kennedy, „The Inscribed Seals in the Ashmolean Museum”, RHA 63 (1958)
  • R. Lebrun, Samuha, foyer religieux de l’Empire Hittite [Louvain-la-Neuve 1976]
  • E. Lipiński, „From Karatepe to Pyrgi. Middle Phoenician Miscellanea”, RSFen 2 (1974)
  • E. Lipiński, „In Search of the Etymology of Some Semitic Loan-Words”, Fucus. A Semitic – Afrasian Gathering in Remembrance of Albert Ehrman (ed. Y.L. Arbeitman; Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 58; Amsterdam 1988)
  • E. Lipiński, Itineraria Phoenicia (Studia Phoenicia XVIII; OLA 127; Leuven 2004)
  • E. Lipiński, „Notes d’épigraphie phénicienne et punique”, OLP 14 (1983)
  • E. Lipiński, Studia z dziejów i kultury starożytnego Bliskiego Wschodu (Kraków 2013)
  • E. Lipiński, Studies in Aramaic Inscriptions and Onomastics III. Ma‘lānā (OLA 200; Leuven 2010)
  • J. de Rossi, Etymologiae Aegypticae (Roma 1808)
  • W. Röllig, „The Phoenician Inscriptions”, Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions II. Karatepe-Aslantaš (ed. H. Çambel; Berlin 1999)
  • W. Spiegelberg, Äegyptologische Randglossen zum Alten Testament (Strassburg 1904)
  • R. de Vaux, La Genèse, (Paris 1951)
  • J. Vergote, Joseph en Égypte. Genèse, chap. 37-50 à la lumière des études égyptologiques récentes (Orientalia et Biblica Lovaniensia III; Louvain 1959)
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-a30d19f1-248a-49db-9dff-ceb12deac6b5
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.