Siekierka z podniesionymi brzegami z okolic Kąpina
A Flanged Axe from the Kąpino Area
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The artefact in question was handed over to the Pomeranian Heritage Conservator in Gdańsk in 2016. An anonymous finder has marked the approximate location of the artefact's discovery, in the forests north-west of Kąpino, to the south of Mała Piaśnica. The artefact itself is a very well-preserved specimen, with semicircular edge, lozenge-shaped in cross-section. Its dimensions are: length 16 cm, edge width 5.4 cm, width between flanges 2 cm, axe weight is 420 g. The axe from the Kąpino area should be typologically assigned to the flanged axes type (type Kłodzisko-Szpunar A., 1987, p. 58 ff., Plate 38A). Artefacts of this type are most often stray finds, for our country within the range of the pre-Lusatian culture and the Tumulus cultures (see Gedl M., 1975, p. 54). In the literature of the subject, their origins from Mecklenburg-Odra River area workshops are suggested (Bukowski Z., 1998, p. 141). Hence, it is where the provenance of our artefact should be sought. Its dating, in this situation quite general, should be determined as II/beginning of III Bronze Age period. The axe from the Kąpino area inscribes in a small settlement network known for this period. It was marked by finds of a few burial mounds, e.g. from Warzenko (Podgórski J., 1992, p. 200, Fig.1), or finds of individual metal objects, e.g. a spearhead from Tczew (Fudziński P., Fudziński M., 2014, p. 10, Fig. 1a), or an axe from Dębina (Kostrzewski J., 1922-1924, p. 203). It is also worth mentioning that this and similar artefacts (apart from the utility function) could have served as ritual items, which might be evidenced by numerous finds in marsh deposits (Blajer W., 2001, p. 90). In case of archaeological artefacts it is essential that their discovery must be accompanied by archaeological excavations. The lack of scientific recognition in the field largely deprives an artefact of its scientific and historical value. Therefore, more and more often in the conservation debate, it is stressed how difficult and complex is the process of archaeological artefacts protection.
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