The Crooked Logic of Migration Policies and Their Malthusian Roots
Languages of publication
European perspectives on recent migration fl ows are heavily biased towards the Malthusian and evolutionist view of many classical western social thinkers. Although it may serve as a purely descriptive tool to outline the present relations between Europe and the outside world (specifi cally the Middle East and North Africa), it certainly doesnot provide any solid base for designing projects which might free human beings from further subjugation, poverty and entrenched inequality – precisely the reasons behind the recent migration crisis to the EU. We argue here that the way the EU perceives and deals with the recent fl ow of migrants (refugees and others) is based on an outdated perception that does not allow for providing valid solutions to real problems. Therefore we present the undercurrent logic behind the political designs, point out defi ciencies, and illustrate a possible new approach by discussing the EU’s migration policy and border management, as linked to the EU security and defence policy. The current migration crisis would never have emerged if not for the lack of stability in the Middle East and North Africa, which neither the EU nor UN nor NATO was ready or able to remedy. The beginning of putting together a viable EU migration policy and border regime will depend on rethinking the security policy, decision-making and capacity, and abandoning the Malthusian perception of the world is a start.
- “A secure Europe in a better world. European security strategy”, Brussels, 12.12.2003, https://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/78367.pdf.
- Almond, Brenda, Border Anxiety: Culture, Identity and Belonging, “Philosophy”, Vol. 91/2016, http:/www.cambridge.org/core/terms.
- Barlow N., The autobiography of Charles Darwin, St. James’s Place, London 1958.
- Boundless, Malthus’ Theory of Population Growth, “Boundless Sociology”, 12.09.2016, https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/population-and-urbanization-17/population-growth-122/malthus-theory-of-population-growth-689-9631/.
- Council of the EU, “European Border and Coast Guard: fi nal approval”, Press release Home Affairs 510/16, 14.09.2016, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/
- press/press-releases/2016/09/14-european-border-coast-guard/, http://ec.europa.eu/priorities/migration_en.
- Council of the EU, “European Border and Coast Guard: fi nal approval”, Press release Home Affairs 510/16, 14.09.2016, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2016/09/14-european-border-coast-guard/.
- European Commission, “Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: The EU’s comprehensive approach to external confl ict and crises”
- European Commission, 11.11.2013, JOIN 30 fi nal, http://www.eeas.europa.eu/statements/docs/2013/131211_03_en.pdf.
- European Commission, “Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. A European agenda on migration”, 13.05.2015, COM(2015) 240 fi nal.
- European Commission, “Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Comiteeof Regions. A European agenda on migration”, 13.05.2015, COM(2015) 240 final.
- Le Gloannec, Anne-Marie, EU Global Strategy, Expert Opinion No. 48, Paris: EU ISS, March 2016.
- Lenski G., Ecological-evolutionary theory: Principles and applications, London 2015.
- Malthus past and present, Dupaquier J. (ed), New York 1983.
- Malthus T., An Essay on the Principle of Population As It Affects the Future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Goodwin, M. Condorcet and Other Writers (1 ed.), J. Johnson in St Paul’s Church-yard, London 1798 (20.06.2016 via Internet Archive).
- Petersen W., Malthus, 2nd edition, London 1999.
- Richards E., Highland emigration in the age of Malthus: Scourie, 1841–55, “Northern Scotland”, nr 2/2011.
- The European Union in a changing environment. A more connected, contested and complex world, https://eeas.europa.eu/docs/strategic_review/eu-strategic-review_strategic_review_en.pdf.
- United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization database http://apps.fao.org/.
Publication order reference