Zjawisko sodomii w polskiej poezji erotycznej XVIII wieku. Wstępne rozpoznanie problemu
The Phenomenon of Sodomy in Polish Playful Poetry of the 18th Century: the Initial Recognition of the Problem
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The ways of understanding the phenomenon of sodomy by Enlightenment love poetry authors is the subject for reflection in the article. The first part is concentrated on the frequency and comprehension of toponyms “Sodom” and “Gomorrah” in the studied texts, as well as the word “sodomy” and words derived. Due to the fact that in European culture this term often occurred as descriptive for homosexual behaviour, in the second part of the study all the allusions and presentations of a homoerotic character in reference to differences in the perception of the sphere of human sexuality in the 18th century and today have also been traced. This dissertation contains also a range of detailed rapprochements of analysed poems, including the famous "Oda Pirona do Priapa" by Stanisław Trembecki and not less obscene work, differently named by researchers — "Burdel", "Pochwała bordelu", "Pieśń weselna" by Stanisław Kostka Potocki. The analysis of selected texts brings closer the repertoire, imaging methods and aim of presenting sexual behaviour in the texts from the period in the context of reflection on some aspects of Enlightenment morality — the time of enormous mental transformation inspired by libertine tendencies, among others, which were also present in the native poetry.
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