2013 | 1(80) | 71-83
Article title

Why are certain Employment Support skills important?

Title variants
Dlaczego niektóre umiejętności wspierania zatrudnienia są ważne?
Languages of publication
Wiele czynników wpływa na możliwość zdobycia i utrzymania pracy przez osoby niepeł-nosprawne czy ze specjalnymi potrzebami. Obejmują one kontekst polityczny i legislacyj-ny, programy dostarczane przez organizacje rządowe, pozarządowe i firmy ubezpiecze-niowe, stan medyczny i kliniczny, stopień upośledzenia tych osób, a także ich umiejętno-ści i kompetencje niezbędne do zatrudnienia. Każdy z tych przypadków jest interesujący, ponieważ może w pewnym stopniu wpływać na poprawę możliwości zatrudnienia osób niepełnosprawnych. Znalezienie optymalnego „wzoru” lub podjęcie „działań interwencyj-nych” w każdym z tych obszarów powoduje wzmożoną aktywnośc. Analiza dowodów sugeruje, że poprawa umiejętności osobistych doradców zawodowych będzie bardziej efektywnie i skutecznie wpływać na wspieranie osób poszukujących pracy. W artykule przedstawiono uzasadnienie dla wyboru umiejętności, które mogą być przydatne do pracy doradców osobistych i ich klientów, a także podsumowano wyniki międzynarodowych badań z programu rozwoju umiejętności.
An number of factors influence how and whether disable or disadvantaged people are supported to find, win and keep jobs. They include the policy and legislative con-text, the programmes provided by government, NGOs and insurers, individuals’ impa-irment, medical and clinical condition, their skills and employment-competencies. Each of these are of interest and can be influenced in some degree, with the aim of improving the employment opportunities of disabled people. Finding the optimum ‘design’ or ‘intervention’ in each of these areas attracts much activity. However, con-sideration of evidence and the logic of personal interventions to support people into work suggests that improving the skills of personal employment advisors would be equally if not more effective. This paper sets out the rationale for deciding which skills are likely to be useful to personal employment advisors and their clients, and summarises results of internatio-nal trials of a skill development programme.
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