PL EN


Journal
2010 | 25 | 132-145
Article title

Inward turn and the Augustinian self

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the present paper is to reconsider Augustine’s role in the history of the concept of self. Our analysis is based on Charles Taylor's account of the Augustinian inward turn. Taylor argues that Augustine's project played a key role in the development of the modern notion of self, because the idea of "inward turn" led the thinker to give the idea of "self-reflexivity" a major position and made him the forefather of the Cartesian cogito. However, we think that it is inappropriate to take the notion of "self-reflexivity" as the essential component of the Augustinian inward turn. We argue that Augustine's real contribution to the history of the notion of self is to be found in the "private" character of his idea of inward turn, and not in the notion of self-reflexivity. Hence, by comparing the differences between Augustine's and Plotinus' notions of "inward turn," we show how Augustine broke with the tradition and put forward a new understanding of inward turn.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Issue
25
Pages
132-145
Physical description
Contributors
author
References
  • Arneson [2001] – R. Arneson, Against Rights, "Philosophical Issues" (11) 2001.
  • Augustine [1948] – Augustine, De moribus ecclesiae (The Morals of the Catholic Church), trans. R. Stothert, [in:] Basic Writings of Saint Augustine, v.1, Whitney J. Oates (ed.), Random House Publishers, New York 1948.
  • Augustine [1959] – Augustine, De vera religione (Of True Religion), trans. J.H.S. Burleigh, Henry Regnery Co., Chicago 1959.
  • Augustine [1988] – Augustine, De libero arbitrio (On Free Choice of the Will), trans. Thomas Williams, Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis 1988.
  • Augustine [2006] – Augustine, Confessiones (The Confessions), trans. Albert C. Outler, [in:] Augustine: Confessions and Enchiridion, Westminster John Knox Press, 2006.
  • Bermon [2001] – E. Bermon, Le Cogito dans la pensée de Saint Augustin, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, Paris 2001.
  • Cary [2000] – P. Cary, Augustine's invention of the inner self: the legacy of a Christian Platonist, Oxford University Press, Oxford, NY 2000.
  • Daraki [1989] – M. Daraki, Une religiosité sans Dieu. Essai sur les Stoiciens d’Athènes et Saint Augustin, Ed. La Découverte, Paris 1989.
  • Foucault [2005] – M. Foucault, Hermeneutics of the Subject. Lectures at the Collège de France, 1981-1982, Frédéric Gros (ed.), trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave, New York 2005.
  • Hadot [1963] – P. Hadot, Plotin ou la simplicité du regard, Librairie Plon, Paris 1963.
  • Hadot [2002] – P. Hadot, Exercices spirituels et philosophie antique, Albin Michel (ed.), Paris 2002.
  • Harrison [2006] – S. Harrison, Augustine’s Way into the Will. The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De Libero Arbitrio, Oxford University Press, New York 2006.
  • Housset [2007] – E. Housset, La vocation de la personne: l'histoire du concept de personne de sa naissance augustinienne à sa redécouverte phénoménologique, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 2007.
  • Housset [2008] – E. Housset, L’intériorité d’exil. Le soi au risque de l’altérité, Editions du Cerf, Paris 2008.
  • Leroux [1996] – G. Leroux, “Human Freedom in the Thought of Plotinus”, [in:] Cambridge Companion to Plotinus, Lloyd P. Gerson (ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1966 : 292-314.
  • Madec [1994] – G. Madec, Petites études augustiniennes, Institut d’études augustiniennes, Paris 1994.
  • Marion [2008] – J.-L. Marion, Au Lieu de soi. L’approche de Saint Augustin, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 2008.
  • Matthews [1992] – G.B. Matthews, Thought’s Ego in Descartes and Augustine, Cornell University Press, New York 1992.
  • Meagher [1998] – R. Meagher, Augustine. On the Inner Life of the Mind, Hackett, Indianapolis 1998.
  • Menn [1998] – S. Menn, Descartes and Augustine, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • O’Meara [1995] – D.J. O’Meara, Plotinus : an introduction to the Enneads, Oxford University Press, New York 1995.
  • Plotinus [2001] – Plotinus, Enneads, trans. Stephen MacKenna, Penguin, New York 1991.
  • Rodis-Lewis [1995] – G. Rodis-Lewis, “Augustinisme et cartésianisme”, [in:] L'Anthropologie cartésienne, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1995: 101-125.
  • Taylor [1992] – C. Taylor, Sources of the self: the making of the modern identity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Mass 1992.
  • Vernant [1991] – J.-P. Vernant, Mortals and Immortals: Collected Essays, Froma I. Zeitlin (ed.), Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. 1991.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-a49c9d1a-d27f-42f4-9f2f-85b4751936b8
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.