Marta či Marie – mezi životem aktivním a kontemplativním: Pojetí práce u Bernarda z Clairvaux
Selected contents from this journal
Martha or Mary – between vita activa and vita contemplativa: The Concept of the Work of Bernard of Clairvaux
Languages of publication
This article analyses the concept of work of Bernard of Clairvaux and also deals with the relationship between physical and mental work in the monastic milieu (vita activa and vita contemplativa), practical activity and inner rest. The author first turns to the beginnings of monastic tradition and Augustine's treatise De opere monachorum, which established a positive evaluation of physical work in monasticism. She then presents an approach to these subjects in Benedictine Rule as the central and normative text of Western monasticism. After an evaluation of various treatises of Bernard of Clairvaux (especially his Apologia ad Guillelmum abbatem and sermons) she comes to the conclusion, that although Bernard primarily promotes the contemplative way of monastic life, he also places a substantial emphasis on physical work, and thus understands both ways as complementary and necessary in the monastic community.
Publication order reference