PL EN


2011 | 4(4) | 57-82
Article title

The Obligation of Strategic Gas Storage Introduced in Poland as an Example of a Public Service Obligation Relating to Supply Security: A Question of Compliance with European Law

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper presents the system for the strategic storage of gas imposed by the Act on Fuel Reserves and evaluates its compliance with the relevant provisions of EU law, in particular the so-called 2nd and 3rd Internal Energy Market Packages. Unlike the case of legislation on strategic oil stocks, EU legislation on gas does not impose on Member States any obligation to maintain strategic reserves of gas. Furthermore, Member States are obliged to implement common rules establishing an internal market in natural gas including Third Party Access (TPA) to storage facilities. However, Member States are allowed to impose on undertakings operating in the gas sector, in the general economic interest, public service obligations which may relate to supply security, and EU law recognizes the contribution of gas storage to the security of supply. Thus, the objective of this article is to evaluate whether the Act on Fuel Reserves as well as the amendments to it proposed by the Polish Ministry of the Economy are in line with the relevant provisions of EU law. The analysis includes the position of the Court of Justice presented in several judgements as regards the concept of public service obligations .
FR
Ce document présente le système de stockage stratégique de gaz imposé par la loi sur les réserves en essence et évalue la conformité de ce système avec les provisions de la loi européenne et plus particulièrement les 2ème et 3ème paquets sur le marché interieur de l’ énergie. Contrairement à certaines législations sur les stocks pétroliers stratégiques, la législation européenne pour le gaz n’impose pas aux États membres une obligation de maintenir un stock stratégique en gaz. En outre, les États membres sont obligés d’appliquer des règles communes établissant un marché interne du gaz comprenant de l’accès des tiers aux installations de stockage. Cependant, ils sont autorisés à imposer aux entreprises opérant dans le secteur du gaz, dans l’intérêt économique général, des obligations de service public qui peuvent porter sur la sécurité d’approvisionnement et les lois européennes reconnaissent les installations de stockage comme un moyen essentiel, entre autres, de mettre en oeuvre les obligations de service public telle que la sécurité des approvisionnements. Donc l’objectif de cet article est d’évaluer si la loi sur les réserves en fuel et ses amendements proposés par le ministère de l’économie polonaise sont en accord avec les lois européennes correspondante. Cette analyse inclus notamment plusieurs jugements de Cour de justice concernant les obligations de service public.
Year
Volume
Pages
57-82
Physical description
Dates
published
2011-06-01
Contributors
author
References
  • Bertoletti P., Cavaliere A., Tordi A., ‘The Regulation of Access to Gas Storage with Capacity Constraints’, First Draft, 7 February 2008, available at: www.economia.unipv.it/pagp/pagine_personali/pberto/papers/StorageBCT3.pdf.
  • Chaton C., Creti A., Villeneuve B., ‘Gas Storage and Security of Supply in the Medium Run’ (2007) 1 IEFE Working Paper Series, available at: www.iefe.unibocconi.it.
  • Codognet M.K., Glachant J.M., ‘Weak Investment Incentives in New Gas Storage in the United Kingdom?’ (2006); available at: www.grjm.net/documents/M-K-Codognet.
  • ‘Commission staff working document, accompanying document to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning measures to safeguard security of gas supply and repealing Directive 2004/67/EC. Assessment report of directive 2004/67/EC on security of gas supply’, SEC (2009) 978.
  • ‘Commission staff working document, Note of DG Energy & Transport on Directives 2003/54/EC and 2003/55/EC on the internal market in electricity and natural gas, third party access to storage facilities’, 16.1.2004, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/interpretative_notes/interpretative_note_en.htm.
  • ‘Commission staff working document, Interpretative note on Directive 2009/73/EC concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas third-party access to storage facilities’, 22.01.2010, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/interpretative_notes/interpretative_note_en.htm.
  • ‘Commission staff working document, Note of DG Energy & Transport on Directives 2003/54/EC and 2003/55/EC on the internal market in electricity and natural gas, public services obligations’, 16.01.2004, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/interpretative_notes/interpretative_note_en.htm.
  • ‘Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions on the Directive 2004/67/EC of 26 April 2004 concerning measures to safeguard security of natural gas supply’, 13.11.2008, COM(2008) 769 final.
  • Communication on Services of General Interest in Europe, Brussels, 20.09.2000, COM(2000) 580 final.
  • Gao Anton Ming-Zhi, ‘Legal Position of Gas Storage subject to the Open Access Regime in the European Gas Directive and the 3rd Gas Liberalization Proposal’, available at: http://www.jcrni.org/extranet/public/cp18.pdf.
  • Falecki A., Mordwa M., ‘Komentarz do art. 4c’ [‘Comment on Article 4c’] [in:] M. Swora, Z. Muras (eds.), Prawo energetyczne. Komentarz [Energy Law. Commentary], Warszawa 2010.
  • Gromnicka E., ‘Komentarz do art. 16 Traktatu ustanawiającego Wspólnotę Europejską’ [‘Comment on Article 16 TEC’] [in:] A. Wróbel, D. Miąsik, N. Półtorak (eds.), Traktat ustanawiający Wspólnotę Europejską. Komentarz, Tom 1. [Treaty establishing the European Community. Commentary. Volume 2], Warszawa 2008.
  • Nowacki M., Prawne aspekty bezpieczeństwa energetycznego w UE [Legal aspects of energy security in the European Union], Warszawa 2010.
  • Nowak B., Wewnętrzny rynek energii w Unii Europejskiej [Internal market of energy in the European Union], Warszawa 2009.
  • Stoczkiewicz M., Pomoc państwa dla przedsiębiorstw energetycznych w prawie UE [State aid for energy undertakings in EU law], Warszawa 2011.
  • Szydło M, ‘Komentarz do art. 106 Traktatu ustanawiającego Wspólnotę Europejską’ [‘Comment on Article 106 TEC’] [in:] A. Wróbel, K. Kowalik-Bańczyk, M. Szwarc-Kuczer (eds.), Traktat ustanawiający Wspólnotę Europejską. Komentarz, Tom 2. [Treaty establishing the European Community. Commentary. Volume 2], Warszawa 2009.
  • Minister of the Economy, Monitoring report of security of gas supply issues, from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2009, available at: http://www.mg.gov.pl/Gospodarka/Ropa+i+gaz/Sprawozdania.
  • President of the Energy Regulatory Office in Poland, National Report, July 2008, available at: http://www.ure.gov.pl/portal/en/17/67/Activity_Report.html.
  • President of the Energy Regulatory Office, Report from the President activity in 2009, March 2009, available at: http://www.ure.gov.pl/portal/pl/423/2916/Sprawozdania.html.
  • President of the Energy Regulatory Office, National Report to the European Commission, July 2010, available at: http://www.ure.gov.pl/portal/en/17/67/Activity_Report.html.
  • Ramboll, Study on natural gas storage in the EU, draft final report, 10/2008.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-a51f27c7-8035-4cfc-8e6f-3cf6eec96b57
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.