АРТ-ТЕРАПІЯ ЯК ОБ’ЄКТ НАУКОВОГО ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ У ПРАЦЯХ ЗАРУБІЖНИХ ТА ВІТЧИЗНЯНИХ УЧЕНИХ
Art Therapy as an object of scientific research in the works of foreign and native scientists
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In this article, we considered a science – Art Therapy. We conducted analysis of research studies of the American, Western European, Russian and Ukrainian scientists. We concluded that the use of art therapy is considered by the scientists of America and Western Europe in the context of the specific requests of society. They use art therapy to work: with children who have emotional disorders; with children who have autism; children from families faced with poverty. Also, they look at the impact of children’s preferences for understanding and interpretation own products of art therapy. Basic research of Russian scientists is aimed at the theoretical foundations of art therapy, its implementation in practice and inclusion in the curriculum of higher education institutions. Particularly important, in our opinion, is the use of art therapy in working with children with functional limitations. Such research is also important for Ukraine. We identified the need of the research in the use of art therapy in work with children with disabilities. We have identified the need and prospects of the use of psychotherapeutic and psycho-correctional potential of art, of artistic and creative activities. So, today in the scientific heritage we have the following results: theoretically the necessity and especially the use of art therapy in the system of treatment and rehabilitation for children with disabilities; selected educational and psycho-therapeutic potential of art to ensure the harmonious development of personality. In Ukraine remains a priority the studies focusing on compensatory component of art therapy on clearly defined groups of children with disabilities (impaired hearing, vision, musculoskeletal, speech, etc.). The use of art therapy methods for solving the socialization of children with disabilities and their value education remains the spiritual component of a “guide” for the integration of these children into society. We came to the conclusion that the use of ideological and value potential of art in art therapy for children with functional limitations helps: overcoming fear of the future self-fulfillment in life and the formation of valuable attitude to themselves and the surrounding world.
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