2011 | 12 - Problemy bogactwa i biedy we współczesnej Afryce | 201-232
Article title

Interwencjonizm czy wolny rynek? Spory wokół współczesnej pomocy rozwojowej dla Afryki

Title variants
Interventionism ar free market? Disputes on contemporary development assistance for Africa
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The article presents a contemporary dispute about the development aid for Africa. In the first part a short history of this problem has been described, and general assumptions of the paper have been pointed out. The next part refers to arguments for development assistance. They have been divided into three groups: moral, economic, and political. The same pattern has been applied to the arguments against development aid. These middle parts of the article base on works made by famous scientists (especially economists): Jeffrey Sachs, William Easterly, Dambisa Moyo, Joseph Stiglitz, Paul Collier, and others less known authors, as well as on international financial institutions’ official documents. Afterwards, changes in the real development assistance given for Africa have been pointed out. For instance, Western powers (USA, Great Britain, France and Germany) became the main donors, whereas Japan lost this position. Although only a few developed states keep the commitment of giving 0,7% of the GDP for developing countries, the main assumption of the Millennium Development Goals has been put into practice: development aid has been more than doubled. Additionally, the article refers to the thesis about Africa as the region receiving the most financial resources from development assistance. Conclusions contain an allegation about Africa as the biggest (the most populated) region in need of aid, because it receives less than Middle East and some Oceanic countries, if per capita calculation is applied. Besides, certain common points in the dispute are noticeable: both parties agree that the most effective improvements should be sent to African countries, little part of assistance might be got by governments instead of lower subjects, and local conditions should be more applied while aid giving. There is a rhetorical conclusion at the end: it is difficult to argue completely against development aid for Africa, living in Poland which is a great beneficiary of financial resources within the European Union.
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