SYTUACJA PRAWNA WŁAŚCICIELI OBIEKTÓW ZABYTKOWYCH
THE LEGAL SITUATION OF OWNERS OF HISTORICAL OBJECTS
Languages of publication
The statute of 23 July 2003 about the protection of, and care for historical monuments essentially modified a number of heretofore legal institutions, thus affecting the legal position held by the owners of historical objects. The prime jurisdictional elements which exert greatest impact on the legal status of the owner include conservation directives and supervision, penal regulations, and the obligation to obtain numerous permissions. A prime feature which to a considerable measure shapes the legal situation of the owners of historical monuments is the asymmetry of legal relations, expressed predominantly in the fact that the state, represented by the conservation services, can intervene into the owners’ legal status. A distinct rise in the control privileges of the conservation offices justifies the thesis that such services are gradually evolving towards becoming a historical monuments police force. The expanded control system is not accompanied by regulations that balance numerous burdens associated with the possession of a historical monument. Attention is due to the construction of real estate tax exemption, a reduction of fees associated with the purchase of registered real estate and, finally, the possibility of obtaining a donation.
- mgr, absolwent Wydziału Prawa i Administracji UMK w Toruniu. Obecnie jest doktorantem w Zakładzie Kryminologii na Wydziale Prawa i Administracji Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie oraz prawnikiem reprezentującym interesy Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Olsztynie.
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