РОЗВИТОК ЛІНГВІСТИКИ У ДРУГІЙ ПОЛОВИНІ ХХ – НА ПОЧАТКУ ХХІ СТОЛІТТЯ У ВЕЛИКІЙ БРИТАНІЇ
Development of linguistics in the late XX – the early XXI century in Great Britain.
Languages of publication
The article deals with the problem of linguistics development in the late XX – the early XXI century in Great Britain. While researching, the materials of scientific works by leading British scholars have been considered. The author has analyzed the activities of British linguistic organizations, in particular, the Linguistics Association of Great Britain, the Philological Society, the British Association for Applied Linguistics. Based on historical analysis, the author has identified four stages of linguistics development in the late XX – early XXI century in Great Britain: the first stage (1928–1958) – formal recognition of linguistics as an independent scientific branch, establishment of linguistics departments at universities, introduction of curricula for training future linguists); the second stage (1959–1977) –establishment of the Linguistics Association of Great Britain, which introduced the systematic organization of scientific linguistic conferences, innovative forms of interaction between conference participants (sections-meetings, workshops, teach-ins, language tutorials, themed sessions), established Journal of Linguistics, profiling of linguistic associations); the third stage (1977–2000) – the search for new forms of interaction between specialists in linguistics and authorities, legislative support of these scholars (establishment of the British National Committee for Linguistics, the Committee for Linguistics in Education, the Committee of the Joint Societies for Linguistics, the Association of Heands and Professors of linguistics); inconsistency in professional steps by the representatives of the above-mentioned organizations, which has led to elimination of most of them); the fourth stage (2000 – present time) – an active collaboration of Linguistics Association of Great Britain with the Subject Center for Languages, Linguistics and Area Studies, development of Subject Benchmark Statement for Linguistics, introduction of the UK Linguistics Olympiad, founding of the Undergraduate Linguistics Association of Britain). Prospects for further research are seen in a thorough analysis of professional training of the future specialists in linguistics, in particular the content and organizational and pedagogical basis of professional training of linguists at British universities.
Publication order reference