Polska adaptacja Kwestionariusza Motywów Biegaczy do Biegania
The Polish adaptation of the Motives of Runners for Running Questionnaire
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Background. Despite a growing number of marathoners and evoking interest and attention, there is no tool to measure their motives for running in Poland. The study presents an adaptation of the tool measuring those motives: The Motivations of Marathoners Scales (Masters, Ogles and Jolton, 1993). Material and methods. The original tool consists of 56 items divided into nine scales: (1) general health orientation, (2) weigh concern, (3) affiliation, (4) recognition, (5) competition, (6) personal goal achievement, (7) psychological coping, (8) self-esteem, (9) life meaning. Characteristics of the original scales are presented, including confirmatory factor analysis, reliability and validity measurements. The adaptation was made taking participants of the two biggest marathons in Poland in 2011 as the subjects (N = 126). Results. After the adaptation procedure, the 41-item instrument was built. The scales presented have good internal consistency indices. Results of the reliability and validity assessment of the scales as well as confirmatory factor analysis of the model is as good as in the original MOMS. Conclusion. Adapted questionnaire is good enough for being used for scientific as well as practical purposes. It can be used for marathon runners as well as runners of other distances or even non runners. As a qualitative tool it can be also used for other disciplines.
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