PL EN


2012 | 16 | 49-60
Article title

Naqada III – Old Kingdom pottery in the Nile Delta: a view from Tell el-Akhdar

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Recent research in the northeastern Nile Delta proves that sites situated there played an important role both in developing contact between Egypt and Canaan, as well as in the processes which led to the formation of the Egyptian state. The new data concerning the early history of the Nile Delta has been obtained over the course of the last five years from the Polish Archaeological Survey in Ash-Sharqiyah Governorate. Rim fragments belonging to forms dated to the Naqada III period occur at five sites. Tell el-Akhdar is one of them. It is situated c. 2.5km to the southeast of the modern town of Abu Umran in Ash-Sharqiyah Governorate and halfway between the archaeological sites at Tell el-Murra to the west and Tell el-Iswid to the east. The distance to both is only c. 3km. The pottery material from Tell el-Akhadar comprises fragments of bread moulds, flat plates and different types of bowls, as well as fragmentsof jars. Most of these forms show an affinity with pottery foundat other Early Dynastic sites. The similarities are especially visible when we compare it with the Early Dynastic pottery from Tell el-Farkha, Tell el-Murra and Tell Abu el-Halyat. Although the material found at Tell el-Akhdar during previous research was dated to a later period, our investigation has confirmed that it was also present from at least the Naqada III period.
Year
Volume
16
Pages
49-60
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • Brink E. C. M. van den 1987. A geo-archeological survey in the north-eastern Nile Delta, Egypt; the first two seasons, a preliminary report.MDAIK 43, 7-31.
  • Brink E. C. M. van den 1988a. The Amsterdam University SurveyExpedition to the north-eastern Nile Delta (1984-1986). In E. C. M. vanden Brink (ed.), 65-110.
  • Brink E. C. M. van den (ed.) 1988b. The Archaeology of the Nile Delta.Problems and Priorities. Amsterdam.
  • Brink E. C. M. van den 1989. A transitional Late Predynastic – EarlyDynastic settlement site in the northeastern Nile Delta, Egypt. MDAIK45, 55-108.
  • Brink E. C. M. van den 1993. Settlement patterns in the northeasternNile Delta during the fourth-second millennia B.C. In L. Krzyżaniak,M. Kobusiewicz and J. Alexander (eds), Environmental Change andHuman Culture in the Nile Basin and Northern Africa, 279-304.(Studies in African Archaeology 4). Poznań.
  • Emery W. B. 1954. Excavations at Sakkara. Great Tombs of the FirstDynasty 2. (EES 46). London.
  • Emery W. B. 1958. Excavations at Sakkara. Great Tombs of the FirstDynasty 3. (EES 47). London.
  • Faltings D., Ballet P., Forster F., French P., Ihde C., Sahlmann H.,Thomalsky J., Thumshirn C. and Wodzińska A. 2000. ZweiterVorbericht uber die Arbeiten in Buto von 1996 bis 1999. MDAIK 56,131-179.
  • Garstang J. 1903. Mahasna and Bet Khallaf. (BSAE/ERA 7). London.
  • Hendrickx S. 1993. The relative chronology of the Naqada culture.(Unpublished text delivered at the British Museum Colloquiumon “Early Egypt”, London, 22 July 1993).
  • Hendrickx S. and Brink E. C. M. van den 2002. Inventoryof Predynastic and Early Dynastic cemetery and settlement sitesin the Egyptian Nile Valley. In E. C. M. van den Brink and T. E. Levy (eds),Egypt and the Levant. Interrelations from the 4th through the Early3rd Millennium B.C.E., 346-399. London, New York.
  • Hendrickx S., Faltings D., Op De Beeck L., Raue D. and Michiels C.2002. Milk, beer and bread technology during the Early Dynastic period.MDAIK 58, 277-304.
  • Ihde Ch. 2000. Die Keramik der Grabungsflächen U I, U III, U IV und T VIII.In D. Faltings et al., 144-153.
  • Jacquet-Gordon H. 1981. A tentative typology of Egyptian bread moulds.In D. Arnold (ed.), Studien zur altägyptischen Keramik, 11-24. Mainz.
  • Jucha M. A. 2005. Tell el-Farkha 2. The Pottery of the PredynasticSettlement (Phases 2 to 5). Krakow, Poznań.
  • Jucha M. A. 2009a. The north-eastern part of the Nile Delta – researchperspectives. Polish Archeological Survey in the Ash-SharqiyyahGovernorate. In J. Popielska-Grzybowska and J. Iwaszczuk (eds),Proceedings of the Fifth Central European Conference of Egyptologists.Egypt 2009: Perspectives of Research, Pułtusk 22-24 June 2009, 83-88,Figs 33-41. (Acta Archaeologica Pultuskiensia 2). Pułtusk.
  • Jucha M. A. 2009b. Beer jars of the Naqada III Period. A view fromTell el-Farkha. In T. I. Rzeuska and A. Wodzińska (eds), Studies on OldKingdom Pottery, 49-60. Warsaw.
  • Jucha M. A. 2010. Tell el-Murra. The Predynastic – Old Kingdom sitein the north-eastern Nile Delta. FolOr 47, 379-390.
  • Jucha M. A. 2011a. Tell Abu el-Halyat. The new Naqada III – OldKingdom (?) site in the northeastern Nile Delta. SAAC 15, 65-76.
  • Jucha M. A. 2011b. The development of pottery production duringthe Early Dynastic period and the beginning of the Old Kingdom:a view from Tell el-Farkha. In R. Friedman and L. McNamara (eds),Egypt at its Origins 3, Proceedings of the Third InternationalConference ‘Origin of the State. Predynastic and Early DynasticEgypt’, London, 27th September-1st August 2008, 953-974.(Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 205). Leuven.
  • Jucha M. A. and Mączyńska A. 2011. The settlement sites in the NileDelta. Archeo-Nil 21, 33-50.
  • Köhler E. C. 1998. Tell el-Fara‘in Buto 3. Die Keramik von der spätenNaqada-Kultur bis zum frühen Alten Reich (Schichten III bis VI).(AV 94). Mainz.
  • Köhler E. C. 1998. Tell el-Fara‘in Buto 3. Die Keramik von der spätenNaqada-Kultur bis zum frühen Alten Reich (Schichten III bis VI).(AV 94). Mainz.
  • Kroeper K. and Wildung D. 2000. Minshat Abu Omar 2, Ein vor- undfrühgeschichtlicher Friedhof im Nildelta: Gräber 115-204. Mainz.
  • Kromer K. 1978. Siedlungsfunde aus dem frühen Alten Reich in Giseh,Österreichische Ausgrabungen 1971-1975. (Österreichischen Akademieder Wissenschaften in Wien, Phil-hist. Klasse, Denkschrift 136).Vienna.
  • Petrie W. M. F. 1892. Medum. London.
  • Petrie W. M. F. 1953. Corpus of Proto-Dynastic pottery. (BSAE/ERA 66B).London.
  • Raue D. 1999. Ägyptische und Nubische Keramik der 1.-4. Dynastie.In W. Kaiser, F. Arnold, M. Bommas, T. Hikade, F. Hoffmann, H. Jaritz,P. Kopp, W. Niederberger, J.-P. Paetznick, B. von Pilgrim, C. von Pilgrim,D. Raue, T. Rzeuska, S. Schaten, A. Seiler, L. Stalder and M. Ziermann,Stadt und Tempel von Elephantine 25./26./27. Grabungsbericht.MDAIK 55, 173-189.
  • Tristant Y. 2005. L’occupation humaine dans le delta du Nil aux 5e et 4emillénaires. Approache géoarchéologique à partir de la region deSamara (delta oriental), vols 1-3. (Unpublished doctoral thesis).Toulouse.
  • Wodzińska A. 2000. The Early Dynastic pottery from the trenches C2-C3and D1-D2. In D. Faltings et al., 154-159.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-a7e8140f-9743-42b4-a293-073e9875beb0
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.