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2015 | 1(45) | 52-66

Article title


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The model of the organization of interdepartmental help for autistic children: from theory to practice

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In the article the authors analyze the current trends of psycho-pedagogical, medical and social support for children with autism in Ukraine and abroad. On the basis of studying the experience of foreign countries, scientific research works of the specialists of different sectors, the analysis of the results of the ascertaining experiment, an attempt to generalize and identify current trends in psychological, pedagogical, medical and social support of autistic children in Ukraine and some foreign countries was made. It is stated that autism spectrum disorders are in general a disorder of the most diverse spheres of the psychics and the deviations in the development of the nervous system, as well as many somatic functions in particular. The primary disorders cause further specific features of the psychophysical development of children with autism disorders. It is noted that one of the main objectives of the correctional-rehabilitation help for children with autistic disorders is the softening or removal of various dysontogenetic and psychopathology caused the development problems by using specialized individualized comprehensive correction. It is proved that the timeliness, accuracy, reliability of diagnosis is one of the basic conditions of early comprehensive correctional work, the key to higher efficiency of treatment and rehabilitation in the interaction of social, moral, ethical, reputational and economic aspects. The importance and the necessity of uniting the efforts of doctors of different specialties, psychologists, teachers, social workers, parents for the effective implementation of rehabilitational-correctional work is emphasized. The theoretical-methodological and scientific-methodical bases of the organization of the system of correctional-rehabilitation help for people with mental and physical impairments are defined. It is specified that the system of correctional-rehabilitation help is a collection of the authorities of different social sectors and local governments; their subordinate network of institutions which implement assistance to people with mental and physical impairments and/or with disabilities through the implementation of programs and standards for the various levels and trends (state, regional, sectoral). It is stressed that the new strategic course of assistance to people with autism should be developed and approved at the state level, and the modern model of the organization of interdepartmental collaboration between all sectors of the social sphere has to be implemented at the regional level.


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