Czynniki wpływające na osłabienie dążenia do sukcesu: „błędne koło" samoutrudniania
Selected contents from this journal
Factors that weaken the drive towards success: The “vicious circle” of self-impediment
Languages of publication
The paper focuses on the influence of parental attitudes and personality determinants (self-evaluation, self-image, approved values) on the drive towards success. The author draws on to the conception of self-impediment in S. Berglas and J. Jones, describing a tendency to self-impediment. as a trait that weakens the motivation for achievements. The aim of the author’s own study was to create a model of essential factors that lower the drive towards success. The group under study consisted of 120 students at the age of 20-24. The findings have confirmed the assumption that the tendency to self-impediment as an immediate expression of non-effective actions in task-taking situations is a more powerful modification of the level of the motivation of achievements than the remaining variables, such that react directly. The hypothesis of the „vicious circle” turned out to be correct. It points to a low level of the drive towards success, which is not only a cause, but also effect of the application of difficulties in task-taking situations. On the basis of the analysis of multiple regression the models of the determinants of motivation for achievements in the case of men and women have been accomplished. A tendency to self-impediment is linked with low self-assessment, a tendency to self-abasement and subjugation and a high level of the need for changes. It considerably lowers self-perception as a person driving towards success in both sexes. The perception of parental attitudes (autonomy that is left to a child by its mother) essentially influences the motivation of achievements only in the case of men. The values that vary in terms of quality lowers the tendency to success in women and men. Only in women is there a direct link between low evaluation of values of the kind of achievement (sense of accomplishment, social approval) with a weak drive to success.
Publication order reference