The new approaches to the organization of independent work of the students of higher educational establishments in Great Britain and the USA
The article presents the new approaches to the organization of independent work of high school students in Great Britain and the USA. The author analyzes the new educational models that have appeared in recent years and created the new roles for the teachers and students. Making the analysis of scientific literature we have come to the conclusion that introduction of information and communications technologies in the learning process and curriculum of English and American universities has become a new tendency in modern education. The development of the electronic study, blended learning and Massive Open Online Courses have revolutionized the education system and opened new possibilities for the students providing them with easily accessible and ever-current education to all ages and social backgrounds, regardless of time and geography. E-learning refers to a course, program or degree delivered online. It uses electronic technologies to access necessary material outside of a traditional classroom. It is interactive because the students can communicate with the teachers and with other students. Blended learning defined as education program in which a portion of the traditional face-to-face communication is replaced by web based online learning. Blended learning combines internet and digital media with classrooms that require presence of the teachers and students. Massive Open Online Courses is a popular mode of learning aimed at unlimited participation and open access via internet. They offer the students the opportunity to study high quality courses online at prestigious universities. They are ideal for the independent study and the users can select any courses to their liking. The use of electronic technologies for teaching and learning have become the most effective tool for providing the independent study in higher education of Great Britain and the USA because it improves motivation, increases the students’ ability to work independently by taking more responsibility for their own learning. According to the European Credit Transfer System the independent work has become one of the main components of the learning process. Determined to become the part of European Union Ukraine needs to make quick and effective changes in educational system and we should not deny the tools by other professionals.
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