Nazwy obiektów terenowych z Warmii i Mazur motywowane nazwami zwierząt
Local names in the region of Warmia and Mazury created with use of animal related vocabulary
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Ninety four local names from Warmia and Mazury are described in this article. All of them were created with use of animal names. They were created throughout the ages by Old Prussians, Germans and Poles who lived in the region. The names have been divided into three groups. The first one contains lost names, used during the interwar period. The second group contains names used during the interwar period and accounted for during terrain exploration in the end of the 20th century and in the beginning of the 21st century. The third group contains names used by the people who migrated to the region after the year 1945, not accounted for before that time. On the basis of the used names it can be said that the region was inhabited by forest animals such as: beavers, badgers, wild boars, deer, hedgehogs, moles, foxes, moose, mice, bears, lynxes, aurochs, wolves, hares and domesticated animals such as: bulls, mares, horses, cats, goats, cows, sheep, pigs and oxen. The Old Prussian names account for aurochs and foxes. German and Polish names used after the year 1945 account for: foxes, badgers, wolves, bears, deer, beaver, cats, goats, oxen, hares and cows, horses, sheep and pigs. Microtoponyms used nowadays contain animal motives such as: beaver, badger, bull, wild boar, deer, hedgehog, mare, horse, cat, goat, cow, fox, moose, mouse. All analyzed names are the testimony of the past language and culture of the inhabitants of the region. They are the evidence of the bond formed by the man and environment.
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