Wiosna liberałów, jesień islamistów? Przesłanki, aktorzy, konsekwencje rewolucji w Tunezji i Egipcie z 2011r. w perspektywie porównawczej
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The year 2011 will be one of the most memorable in the modern Arab history because of the wave of revolutions across the MENA region. Civil uprisings began in Tunisia where the long ruling autocrat, Zine al Abidine Ben Ali, was forced to flee from in January 2011. Inspired by the Tunisian revolt, Egyptians ousted the President Hosni Mubarak one month later. This paper discusses the common features of those two social revolutions. Within their political causes, the attention is paid to unpopular authoritarian’s systems dominated by violence of security forces, corruption and nepotism among the ruling elites. It is important to notice that the economic aspects played the crucial role as a factor of the ‘civic rage’. High unemployment, especially among well -educated young people and food prices’ increase occurred to be the main reasons of the regimes collapse. The following part of the paper describes the main actors/accelerators of the North Africa’s transformation process, focusing on urban youth, working -class movements, army and new media. The final section intends to explore why islamists are the biggest beneficiaries of the Arab spring unrest?
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