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2016 | 45 | 272–287
Article title

The Aristotelian Criticism of the Liberal Foundations of Modern State

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Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The paper discusses some fundamental differences between Aristotelian and modern conceptions of the state. It focuses its attention on the early liberal thinkers, such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, and contrasts the theory of state developed by them with the classical republican ideal described by Aristotle. As I will demonstrate main differences come down to (1) distinct ideas concerning the state’s origins (and especially human motivations behind establishing the state), (2) divergent convictions about the role of the state and its ethical dimension; and finally (3) different beliefs concerning basic feelings and passions which sustain existence of political community. I argue that on the basis of Stagirite’s philosophy it is possible to question whether civic association described by the precursors of liberal political thought is actually the state. In conclusion, I signalize the problem of serious limitations of contemporary liberal democracies (or even their internal contradictions) resulting from their attempt to follow an ideal of an ideologically neutral state.
Year
Volume
45
Pages
272–287
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Collegium Civitas in Warsaw
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-aafb3552-f379-4afd-adbb-4351a2043e0d
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