Etiologia i następstwa wykluczenia finansowego we współczesnej Polsce
Etiology and After-Effects of Financial Exclusion in the Modern Poland
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Poland occupies the penultimate place (39) among the countries with the highest Human Development Index in the United Nations ranking concerning the quality of life. However, in comparison to the situation from previous years, Poland has achieved impressive civilization promotion which led to double increase the value of real gross domestic product in the last two decades. An important role in maintaining the economic growth in Poland has played a well-functioning financial market, which was reactivated after almost half a century break. During transformation period in Poland financial market has developed rapidly and faster than the real economy. However, the economic indicators which describe the potential strength of financial institutions in Poland are worse than in the Czech Republic and Hungary, which lead to social turbulences and as a result high percentage of Poles is affected by financial exclusion. The main aim of these considerations is to diagnose the reasons that cause the phenomenon of financial exclusion, identify the threats of rapidly increasing dependence of the banking sector and other institutional sectors of the Polish economy from the financial supply from external sources.
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