Portret rodziny we wczesnych wierszach (publikowanych i niepublikowanych) Mieczysławy Buczkówny
The Family Portrait in Mieczysława Buczkówna's Early Poems (Published and Unpublished)
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The article presents the early poems by Mieczysława Buczkówna, published in literary magazines in 1945-1955, in a collection "Rozstania" (1949) and "Chleb i obłok" (1955), and those not accepted by cenzorship for publication. They are characterised by a great thematic and stylistic spread, which can be explained precisely by the influence of controlling activities. The analysis of the archival materials of the main cenzorship council (Polish abreviation: GUKPPiW) provides the conclusion that many poet's choices were dictated by non-artistic reasons: on the one hand some poems involved in the new political and social order were artificially "glued" to the collections, on the other – the most typical subjects for Buczkówna regarding her family and war trauma were displaced. The text has a dichotomous structure: in the first part the author describes changes in particular poems and collections; in the second – the family themes marginalised by the clerks from the GUKPPiW are brought out, including both the images of a happy, satisfied family (in love for a man and a child), and pathological one (poverty, drunkenness, disease, death). The author analysed stopped by the cenzorship and a never published poem, although claryfying – "W kolejce" (written in 1955).
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